Research Article

Seroprevalences of HBV, HCV and HIV Among Healthcare Workers in a Secondary Care Hospital


  • Aşır ERASLAN
  • Gülsemin ÖZDEMİR

Viral Hepat J 2012;18(3):120-222


In this study, we aimed to evaluate the HBV and HCV seroprevalances among 705 health care workers consisted of 409 female and 296 male individuals.

Materials and Methods:

Serum samples obtained from health care workers in our State Hospital between 2010-2011, were tested for HBsAg, anti-HBs, anti-HCV and anti-HIV markers by chemiluminescent immunoassay method with autoanalyser (Advia Centaur XP, Siemens, Germany).


Distribution of the health care workers according to the occupation was as follows in our hospital: 71 doctors (10.1%), 181 nurses& midwives (27.7%), 17 health clerk (2.4%), 51 technicians (7.2%), 132 cleaners (18.7%), 16 hospital janitor (2.3%), 105 medical secretaries (14.9%), 76 administrative personnel (10.8%), 29 security personnel (4.29%) and 27 dining hall personnel (3.8%). When the screening tests of Hepatit B viruses is evaluated 623 healthcare workers were anti-HBs, positive (88.3%), 73 were unvaccinated, 613 were vaccinated, 10 were naturally immune and 9 were carriers. Anti-HIV and anti-HCV positivity was not detected among health care workers. When the distribution of the seropositivity of healthcare workers was evaluated two technicians, one security personnel, two cleaners, three medical secretaries, one administrative personnel were found to be HBsAg positive. No HBs Ag positivity was detected among doctors, nurses and midwife group. Unvaccinated healthcare workers were included at vaccination programs and carriers were monitored.


Healthcare workers are under the risk of blood-borne diseases and diseases transmitted by direct contact. In order to prevent the risk, more attention should be given to education, HBV vaccination should be applied and all samples obtained from the patients should be considered as potentially infectious.

Keywords: Health care workers, HBV, HCV, HIV, seroprevalence

Full Text (Turkish)